Single-Phase Induction Motors
The single-phase electric motor operates under the same principle as the polyphase engine, except that the rotating magnetic field effect produced by the stator does not exist until running rpm is reached. Since no beginning torque is available, a design system is included to start the motor. These are the various designations:

Torque-Speed Curves of Different Single-Phase Induction Motors

Shaded-pole: Have only one main winding no start winding. This configuration causes a shift of the applied magnetic field in relationship to the rotor, creating stating torque. Applications consist of supporters and small appliances.

Split-Phase (induction start electric motor)
Has two pieces of stator windings. The “start” windings sit 90 degrees to the “run” windings and shift the magnetic field of the stator, inducing beginning torque. Applications include little grinders, small followers, and blowers.

Capacitor-Start
The most typical single-phase motor found in industrial applications. It really is a altered split-stage electric motor with a capacitor in series with the start winding to supply a start boost. Software include small conveyors, large blowers, pumps, and direct-drives.

Permanent-Split-Capacitor (PSC)
Uses identical primary and auxiliary windings with a capacitor to supply starting torque. They are the most reliable single-phase electric motor sprockets because no centrifugal beginning switch is required. Applications include fans and pumps in HVAC and refrigeration industries.